Papers available individually on the website, or you can download the entire IJCCR 2015 Special Issue here (36MB).
The causal link between economic growth and environmental degradation has received much attention in recent social science literature(s). Although such studies have generated key insights, the role of monetary systems – as central components of all modern economies – has been almost completely overlooked. This papers argue that monetary systems affect natural environments through the economic activities that particular monetary systems promote. It focuses on two specific aspects of any monetary system: governance and scale. With respect to the former, it shows how the rules that govern monetary systems can promote economic practices with environmental implications. With respect to the latter, the paper shows how the scale at which money is issued and/or circulates affects patterns and intensities of economic activity, both of which have clear environmental consequences. A corollary of the argument is that changing the governance and scale of monetary systems can alter economic activity in environmentally-harmful or -helpful ways.
Brooks, S. (2015) ‘How Green is Our Money? Mapping the Relationship between Mone- tary Systems and the Environment’ International Journal of Community Currency Research 19 (D) 12-18 <www.ijccr.net> ISSN 1325-9547
I feel a big responsibility on my shoulders. The work that Gill Seyfang and Noel Longhurst have been doing these years has set high standards and I hope I can live up to their and your expectations. In this vein I embrace the new Editorial Board of the International Journal of Community Currency Research.
I come, however, in good company. The “big plan” for the IJCCR is to link it to a research association on CCS, which we started discussing in an informal session at the end of the 2nd International Conference. The idea attracted sufficient interest and by now it has been maturing in our minds. Jerome Blanc (University of Lyon, France) is already working on the legal details to establish the association in France and drafting statutes under the umbrella concept of “Research Association on Social Monetary Innovation” (RASMI) – this is not a definite name-. The purpose of the association will be to promote research on social and non-state money and complementary currencies. The next conference in Salvador do Bahia in October, 2015 will give the space for a formal constitutional assembly, in which attendants can approve the statutes, select a name and decide on fees.
The team working on constituting the association thought that it was only a natural move to bring the International Journal of Community Currency Research under the same roof, in order to give consistency to this research field. The IJCCR will continue as an open access journal of high academic quality research that bridges the knowledge production of practitioners and academics. We are also exploring links and partnerships with other databases on community currencies, in order to organise the terrain more systematically or connect better to each other.
In the meantime, the IJCCR will get a revamp, and for this, we need more help. We critically need native English speakers who can do proof-reading, Internet savy bloggers who would help us increase the visibility of the Journal in Internet, and team-members who would like to take responsibility for the technical aspects of its publication. We will continue counting on the team of editors and reviewers who have been supporting the journal so far and we already start from a list of possible volunteers who expressed their willingness to be part of the team – thank you!-
I will take a bit of time now to listen to you and organise some changes. If you want to be part of the team, have any ideas on what needs to be improved, or simple suggestions you would like to share, please send me an e-mail at email@example.com.
With best regards,
Dr. Georgina M. Gómez,
Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam
It is with great pleasure that we announce that Georgina Gomez has become the new editor of IJCCR. Georgina is a Senior Lecturer in Institutions and Local Development, at the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands. She has a strong track record of contributing to IJCCR as author, advisory board member, and most recently, as guest editor of the newest special issue on Multiple Moneys and Development. Georgina has ambitious plans for consolidating and developing the journal, in conjunction with other community currency researchers and resource hubs, and she will shortly explain her plans and begin refreshing the website. The outgoing editors will remain on a new advisory board, and we know you will join us in wishing the incoming team every success. A few weeks ago we announced that IJCCR was seeking a new editorial team, and we are grateful for all the interest and responses we received. We anticipate that the new editorial team will seek to work with everyone who has expressed an enthusiasm to be part of the journal’s future.
This paper investigates the prices set within the Exchange Network of Chania and tries to examine what prices are attributed to which products and services, how those prices are set and what they reveal about the values of the goods offered. Moreover, the further aim of the paper is to explore the implications of those prices concerning the function of the scheme itself, within the context of the local economy of the Chania area. The data have been gathered during regular visits to the open markets of the scheme since January 2012. Therefore, the paper attempts to contribute original research findings concerning prices in parallel currency schemes and study several important issues which arise in multiple currency practice.
Sotiropoulou, I. (2015) ‘Prices in parallel currency: The case of the exchange network of Chania, Crete’ International Journal of Community Currency Research 19 (D) 128-136 <www.ijccr.net> ISSN 1325-9547
This paper attempts to explain the success of secondary currencies. Success is defined as the degree to which the initiators of these currencies manage to reach their original goals. In order to do so, we draw on two explanatory factors: the motivation of a currency’s founder and the degree of organization. We employed a combination of qualitative interviews, secondary literature review and standardized questionnaires with seven secondary currency projects in Croatia (CROM), Germany (KannWas, Engelgeld), Greece (Ovolos, TEM) and the United Kingdom (Bristol Pound, Brixton Pound). The main findings are that projects which pursue several different motivations are more successful than those with fewer goals. As for the degree of organization, projects which score high on all dimensions of organization are correlated with higher project success. Building on this we propose a typology of two groups: Type 1 cases have low diversity of motivation and organization (CROM and Engelgeld) and Type 2 cases have high diversity of motivation and organization (Bristol Pound, Brixton Pound, and TEM). The two remaining cases, the Ovolos and the KannWas cannot be clearly assigned to any of the types. The motivation-organization typology can guide future research on the motivation of founding and using secondary currencies.
Lukas Fesenfeld, Jan Stuckatz, Iona Summerson, Thomas Kiesgen, Daniela Ruß, Maja Klimaschewski
Fesenfeld, L., Stuckatz, J., Summerson, I., Kiesgen, T., Ruß, D. and Klimaschewski, M. (2015) ‘It’s the motivation, stupid! The influence of motivation of secondary currency initiators on the currencies’ success’ International Journal of Community Currency Research 19 (D) 165-172 <www.ijccr.net> ISSN 1325-9547